A Te Whanau a Apanui perspective on the indigenous framework of Mana o nga atua , what does it look like in practice?

The cultural drivers of who we are as Te Whanau a Apanui is a foundation that has been passed down from our tipuna (ancestors) and what we practice today. These values have sustained Te
Whānau-ā-Apanui and their tipuna since the creation stories. Western economic models have
negated and objectified indigenous peoples and their environment. Therefore, those systems and frameworks are inadequate to provide the solutions that are sought.
We will use examples of our rlver; the Haparapara, how we view land practices and western legal systems that have impacted on our ability to practice kaitiakitanga (guardianship). It is important therefore, that we can change this for the betterment our hapu systems.