Hawaii Forest Plant Gathering Practices: Harvester Relationships to Forests and Managers
Hawaiians historically cultivated lands for agriculture while utilizing forested areas for multi-layered gardening of key resources. Here we examine contemporary forest plants, plant uses, cultural value of Hawaii forests as well as harvester relationships to forests and forest managers. Findings identify over 140 forest plant species in current use, many uses of these resources are continuations of historical applications with some new, and harvesters hold familial relationships with forests while maintaining fluctuating attitudes with land managers. Assessment status for trends of forest use are pivotal for underlying the importance of harvester and manager perspectives to improve communication of priorities.