Pahu Manamana o ʻUmi (II)
“Pahu Manamana ‘o Umi” is a Hawaiian cultural site located 7800 feet above sea level on the slope of Mauna Loa. The pahu manamana is a rocky platform supporting seven upright stones of various sizes and shapes. There is no written information about pahu manamana except in the Hawaiian dictionary. The research methodology required on-site observations, knowledge of celestial chants, and various narratives of ʻUmi. The Edith Kanakaʻole Foundation was contracted by the Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park to research and interpret the site prior to any possible volcanic activity on Mauna Loa that could potentially destroy the valuable historical treasure.