Pahu Manamana o ʻUmi (I)
“Pahu Manamana ‘o Umi” is a Hawaiian cultural site located 7,800’ above sea level on the slope of Mauna Loa. The Edith Kanaka’ole Foundation was asked by Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park to research and interpret the site prior to the possible volcanic eruption of Mauna Loa. The pahu manamana is a rocky platform supporting seven upright stones of various sizes and shapes. There is absolutely no written information on pahu manamana. This research required on-site observation coupled with information about a 16th century ruling chief and knowledge of celestial chants. We discovered that the pahu manamana is a stellar instrument.